Volume 12(4): February, 2007
MENTAL FACTORS IN SPORTS 3
This fourth issue of Volume 12 of Coaching Science Abstracts reviews articles concerned with mental factors in sports. Previously, the topics included were offered as specific issues. Those issues were:
- Learning in Sports [Nature of skill learning, Content of instruction, Instructional styles, Forward shaping, Backward shaping, Teaching general behavior control]
- Psychological Activity in Sport [Cognitive activity, Arousal, Anxiety, Stress, Measuring psychological activity]
- Psychological Dynamics of Performance [Team building, Strategies, Psyching-up, Psychological skills training, Competition thinking]
A combined issue titled Mental Factors in Sports updated the above specific topics. A further combined issue titled Mental Factors in Sports 2 updated the above specific topics further. The contents of this issue should be married with the previous Coaching Science Abstracts' issues to extend understanding of the factors.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CLEAR GOALS AND PERFORMANCE TASKS LEAD TO INCREASED IMAGERY USE Harwood, C., Cumming, J., & Hall, C. (2003). Imagery use in elite youth sport participants: Reinforcing the applied significance of achievement goal theory. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 74, 292-300.
AN OVERHEAD GOAL INCREASES VERTICAL JUMP HEIGHT Ford, K. R., Myer, G. D., Smith, R. L., Byrnes, R. N., Dopirak, S. E., & Hewett, T. E. (2005). Effects of an overhead goal on a drop vertical jump maneuver. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 37(5), Supplement abstract 629.
TASK AND EGO ORIENTATIONS VARY DIFFERENTLY IN SPORTS Bock, S., & Batterham, A. M. (2006). Practical significance of contextual sensitivity of goal orientations in youth sport. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 38(5), Supplement abstract 1743.
BOYS AND GIRLS DIFFER IN SELF-EFFICACY AND PERCEIVED COMPETENCE WHEN RELATED TO GROSS MOTOR SKILLS Calabro, M. A., Waldron, J. J., Welk, G. J., Ihmels, M., & Cobby, R. (2005). Relationships between self-efficacy, perceived competence, and gross motor skills in children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 37(5), Supplement abstract 943.
CLEAR THINKING IS POSSIBLE DURING STRESSFUL EXERCISE Walker, A. J., Leon, A. S., & Hancock, P. A. (2003). Changes in cognitive performance of soldiers during exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35(5), Supplement abstract 128.
PROLONGED EXERCISE AND FLUID INTAKE ENHANCE COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE Tomporowski, P. D., Cureton, K. J., & Stueck, M. (2003). Effects of fluid intake during prolonged exercise on cognitive thinking. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35(5), Supplement abstract 129.
HITTING STRATEGIES OF GREAT BASEBALL HITTERS Hanson, T. W. (1993). The mental aspects of hitting. Dissertation Abstracts International-A, 53(08), 2735.
UNDERACHIEVING WRESTLERS IMPROVED AFTER INSTRUCTION IN VALID SELF-CONTROL PROCEDURES Horton, A. M., Jr., & Shelton, J. K. (1978). The rational wrestler: A pilot study. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 46, 882.
SUCCESSFUL ANXIETY INTERVENTIONS SHOULD BE MULTI-DIMENSIONAL Prapavessis, H., Grove, J. R., McNair, P. J., & Cable, N. T. (1992). Self-regulation training, state anxiety, and sport performance: A psychophysiological case study. The Sport Psychologist, 6, 213-229.
ELITE WRESTLERS THINK DIFFERENTLY IN COMPETITIONS TO LESSER PERFORMERS Eklund, R. C. (1994). A season-long investigation of competitive cognition in collegiate wrestlers. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 65, 169-183.
PSYCHOLOGY SEPARATES SUCCESSFUL AND UNSUCCESSFUL WRESTLERS Highlen, P. S., & Bennett, B. B. (1979). Psychological characteristics of successful and nonsuccessful elite wrestlers: An exploratory study. Journal of Sport Psychology, 1, 123-137.
SUCCESSFUL AND UNSUCCESSFUL WRESTLERS THINK DIFFERENTLY Gould, D., Weiss, M., & Weinberg, R. (1981). Psychological characteristics of successful and non-successful Big Ten wrestlers. Journal of Sport Psychology, 3, 69-81.
PRACTICING MULTIPLE SKILL ELEMENTS SIMULTANEOUSLY PRODUCES QUICKER LEARNING Yakut, C., Foss, M. L., Brown, S. H., Aldridge, J. W., Ulrich, D. A., Watkins, B. A., & Worringham, C. J. Effect of sequential versus simultaneous practice on learning a multi-component visual-motor task. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35(5), Supplement abstract 2236.
OTHER PLAYER'S MOVEMENTS PROVIDE THE CLUES ABOUT BALL TRAJECTORY Fery, Y-A., & Crognier, L. (2001). On the tactical significance of game situations in anticipating ball trajectories in tennis. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 72, 143-149.
POST-GAME VIDEO ANALYSES ARE RELATED TO IMPROVED BASEBALL HITTING Stancil, C. A. (2003). Pilot study of improving the performance of collegiate baseball players through the use of visual learning techniques. Masters Abstracts International, 41(04), 966.
NEUROMUSCULAR PATTERNS OF SIMILAR MOVEMENTS ARE DIFFERENT Broer, M. R., & Houtz, S. J. (1967). Patterns of muscular activity in selected sports skills: An electromyographic study. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
SUPERIOR CYCLISTS MOVE BETTER AND MORE EFFICIENTLY Chapman, A., Vincenzino, B., Blanch, P., & Hodges, P. (2004). Do muscle recruitment patterns differ between trained and novice cyclists? Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36(5), Supplement abstract 1152.
MULTI-VIEW VIDEO BETTER THAN SINGLE-VIEW FOR INSTRUCTING NEW SKILLS Hager, R., Bertagna, T., Prusak, K., & Hunter, I. (2004). The effects of multi-view video modeling and skill acquisition on learning the tennis serve. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36(5), Supplement abstract 1419.
LOADED PRACTICE IMPROVES THE FIRST TRIAL OF UNLOADED WORK IN A NOVEL TASK Kurrant, A. B., & Kerner, M. S. (2002). Loaded practice affects unloaded movement time but not reaction time. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 34(5), Supplement abstract 226.
YOUNG CHILDREN WILL BENEFIT MOST FROM TECHNIQUE INSTRUCTION Korff, T., & Jensen, J. L. (2005). Effect of segmental growth on the force construction of pedaling as a function of speed. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 37(5), Supplement abstract 2051.
MENTAL SKILLS ARE DIFFERENTIATED BY GENDER, TYPE OF SPORT, AND PERFORMANCE LEVEL Lopez-Walle, J. M., Mahoney, M., & Morales, P. (2006). Psychological skills by Mexican universities athletes University of Nuevo León. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 38(5), Supplement abstract 1540.
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