Volume 9(3): November, 2003
PSYCHOLOGICAL ACTIVITY IN SPORT 3
This third issue of Volume 9 of Coaching Science
Abstracts reviews articles concerned with aspects of psychological
activity in sport. There are four sections, three having had an entire
previous issue or part of an issue devoted to it. To refer to a previous
section issue, click on the following links.
- Positive mental activity
- Psychological dynamics of performance --
- Psychological activity in sport 2
Some references are duplicated because their implications cover more than
TABLE OF CONTENTS
POOR PERFORMANCES WILL CAUSE DIFFERENT REACTIONS
DEPENDING UPON AN ATHLETE'S INDIVIDUAL PURPOSES FOR TRAINING
Ommundsen, Y., & Roberts, G. C.
(1996). Goal orientations and perceived purposes of training
among elite athletes. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 83,
COMPETITIVE ANXIETY CAN BE FACILITATIVE FOR
PERFORMANCE Jones, G., & Hanton, S.
(1996). Interpretation of competitive anxiety symptoms and goal
attainment expectancies. Journal of Sport and Exercise
Psychology, 18, 144-157.
SKILL MASTERY SHOULD BE THE PRINCIPAL FOCUS OF
TRAINING Seifriz, J. J., Duda, J. L.,
& Chi, L. (1992). The relationship of perceived motivational
climate to intrinsic motivation and beliefs about success in
basketball. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 14,
CHALLENGING INTERPRETATIONS OF IMPORTANT SITUATIONS
ARE PSYCHOLOGICALLY BETTER THAN PRESSURE INTERPRETATIONS
Hale, B. D., & Whitehouse, A. (1998).
The effects of imagery-manipulated appraisal on intensity and
direction of competitive anxiety. The Sport Psychologist, 12,
GENERAL TEST RESULTS DO NOT YIELD ACCURATE
INFORMATION ABOUT SPECIFIC COMPETITIONS Harwood, C. (2002). Assessing achievement goals
in sport: Caveats for consultants and a case for
contextualization. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 14,
MULTIPLE GOALS PRODUCE BETTER PERFORMANCES Filby, W. C., Maynard, I. W., & Graydon, J. K.
(1999). The effect of multiple-goal strategies on performance
outcomes in training and competition. Journal of Applied
Sport Psychology, 11, 230-246.
PROCESS GOALS AND SELF-RECORDING INFLUENCE SKILLED
PERFORMANCE Zimmerman, B. J., &
Kitsantas, A. (1996). Self-regulated learning of a motoric
skill: The role of goal setting and self-monitoring. Journal of
Applied Sport Psychology, 8, 60-75.
STRESS THE BEST ASPECTS OF PERFORMANCE TO GET THE
BEST REACTIONS FROM ATHLETES
Bartholomew, J. B. (1999). Post exercise stress reactivity: The
affect of manipulated performance feedback in college athletes.
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31(5),
Supplement abstract 1431.
A POSITIVE APPROACH TO COMPETING LEADS TO GREATER
ENJOYMENT IN CONTESTS Catanzaro, S.
J. (1989). Effects of enhancement expectancies on expectancy and
minimal goal statements. The Journal of Psychology, 123,
POSITIVE CONFIDENCE AT TRAINING IS RELATED TO GOOD
PERFORMANCES Psychountaki, M., &
Zervas, Y. (2000). Competitive worries, sport confidence, and
performance ratings for young swimmers. Perceptual and Motor
Skills, 91, 87-94.
SPORT PARTICIPATION IS RELATED TO SELF-CONCEPT
Weber, K. M., & Ecker, K. R. (2000).
The relationship between self-concept and sport participation in
high school students. Medicine and Science in Sports and
Exercise, 32(5), Supplement abstract 328.
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN NEGATES RELIABLE EVALUATION OF
SELF-TALK Landin, D., & Hebert, E. P.
(1999). The influence of self-talk on the performance of skilled
female tennis players. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology,
NEGATIVE TALK TO OPPONENTS CAN CAUSE PERFORMANCE TO
DROP Mead, T. P., Drowatzky, J. N., &
Hardin-Crosby, L. (2000). Positive and negative stimuli in
relation to tennis players' reaction time. Perceptual and
Motor Skills, 90, 236-240.
TENNIS PLAYERS RESPOND MAINLY IN A NEGATIVE WAY
DURING MATCHES Van Raalte, J. L.,
Cornelius, A. E., Brewer, B. W., & Hatten, S. J. (2000). The
antecedents and consequences of self-talk in competitive tennis.
Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 22, 345-356.
APPROPRIATE SELF-TALK IMPROVES SKILL PERFORMANCE
Theodorakis, Y., Chroni, S.,
Laparidis, K., Bebetos, V., & Douma, I. (2001). Slef-talk in a
basketball shooting task. Perceptual and Motor Skills,
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IMPROVES CHILDREN'S COGNITIVE
PERFORMANCE Sibley, B. A., & Etnier, J.
L. The effects of physical activity on cognition in children: A
meta-analysis. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise,
34(5), Supplement abstract 1198.
ERROR-AVOIDANCE THOUGHT PATTERNS REDUCE PERFORMANCE
Eklund, R. C., & Dugdale, J. R. (2002).
Ironic cognitive processing, task-relevant expertise and static
balance performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and
Exercise, 34(5), Supplement abstract 1199.
EXPERTS THINK BETTER THAN NOVICES IN COMPETITIONS
McPherson, S. L. (2000). Expert-
novice differences in planning strategies during collegiate
singles tennis competition. Journal of Sport and Exercise
Psychology, 22, 39-62.
GOLF IS IMPROVED BY A FOCUSED STRATEGY Kirschenbaum, D. S., Owens, D., & O'Connor, A.
(1998). Smart golf: Preliminary evaluation of a simple, yet
comprehensive, approach to improving and scoring the mental
game. The Sport Psychologist, 12, 271-282.
MENTAL SKILLS TRAINING IS ASSOCIATED WITH
PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENTS IN GOLF
Thomas, P. R., & Fogarty, G. J. (1997). Psychological skills
training in golf: The role of individual differences in
cognitive preferences. The Sport Psychologist, 11, 86-
PRERACE PSYCHOLOGY MUST BE POSITIVE AND FACILITATIVE
Hanton, S., & Jones, G. (1999). The
acquisition and development of cognitive skills and strategies:
I. Making the butterflies fly in formation. The Sport
FOCUSING ON SPECIFIC PRACTICE BEHAVIORS AND SELF-
EVALUATING THEM WILL LEAD TO BETTER PRACTICES Kitsantas, A., & Zimmerman, B. J. (1998). Self-
regulation of motoric learning: A strategic cycle view.
Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 10, 220-239.
COPING PREPARATIONS REDUCES STRESS IS SPORT-SPECIFIC
SITUATIONS Crocker, P. R., Alderman,
R. B., & Smith, F. M. (1988). Cognitive-affective stress
management training with high performance youth volleyball
players: Effects on affect, cognition, and performance.
Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 10, 448-460.
ATHLETE'S PRESENTATION CONTRIBUTES TO COMPETITIVE
STRESS James, B., & Collins, D. (1997).
Self-presentational sources of competitive stress during
performance. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology,
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