Volume 20(2): November, 2014

FUEL AND ERGOGENIC AIDS 7.2 - GENERAL

This second issue of Volume 17 of Coaching Science Abstracts reviews articles concerned with fuel and ergogenic aids. Previous articles on these topics are contained in Volume 2(3), Volume 5(3), Volume 8(3), Volume 11(3), Volume 14(3), and Volume 17(3). This issue is divided into the subsections of general dietary implications, carbohydrates, caffeine, and other substances.

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    GENERAL DIETARY IMPLICATIONS

  1. IRON SUPPLEMENTATION BENEFITS FEMALE ROWERS

    DellaValle, D. M., & Hass, J. D. (2011). What is the impact of iron supplementation on training quality in non-anemic female rowers? Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(5). Supplement abstract 2004.

  2. IRON SUPPLEMENTATION RAISES SERUM FERRITIN IN FEMALES

    Nicewonger, C., Womack, C., Todd, M. K., & Flohr, J. A. (2011). The effect of iron supplementation during menses on iron markers and performance in active females. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(5). Supplement abstract 2005.

  3. IRON DEFICIENCY NOT SO EASILY MEASURED

    Eberman, L. E., Kahanov, L., Long, N., Adams, H., Landis, M. L., & Ingebretsen, J. (2012). Ferritin, hematocrit, and hemoglobin as biochemical markers of iron deficiency in collegiate runners. Presentation 1731 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  4. SOY MILK IMPROVES PERFORMANCE

    Flores, H. A., Shull, R. A., Schmitt, R., Randle, C., Sullivan, K., Blazer, C., Yvellez, L., & Astorino, T. A. (2011). Efficacy of chocolate soy milk ingestion on supramaximal exercise performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(5). Supplement abstract 2213.

  5. BANANAS HAVE A SIMILAR EFFECT ON PERFORMANCE TO A 6% CARBOHYDRATE SPORTS DRINK

    Nieman, D. C., Gillitt, N., Sha, W., Shanelly, A., Knab, A., & Kam, L. (2012). Similar metabolite shifts following 75-km cycling time-trials when ingesting bananas or a carbohydrate beverage. Presentation 1320 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  6. OXYGENTATED WATER DOES NOT IMPROVE AEROBIC FUNCTION

    Manos, T. M., Fuller, P. J., & Koesterer, T. J. (2012). Effects of oxygenated water on aerobic performance in Division II collegiate male soccer players. Presentation 1395 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  7. FRUIT AND VEGETABLE DRINK HAS NO OBVIOUS BENEFIT FOR SWIMMERS

    Knab, A. M., Gillitt, N. D., Ciadella-Kam, L., Nieman, D. C., & Shanely, R. A. (2012). Polyphenol rich juice supplementation in Olympic swimmers does not alter inflammation or immune biomarkers. Presentation 1396 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  8. PERFORMANCE SUPPLEMENT HAS ONLY MINOR EFFECTS IN RESISTANCE-TRAINED MALES

    Ormsbee, M. J., Mandler, W. K., Thomas, D. D., Kinsey, A. W., Riley, C. J., Panton, L. B., & Kim, J.-S. (2012). Effects of performance supplements on body composition and strength in trained men during 6 weeks of resistance training. Presentation 1827 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  9. AMINO ACID SUPPLEMENTATION DOES NOT ALTER ANEAROBIC PERFORMANCE

    Wang, B., Ding, Z., Wang, W., Hwang, J., Liao, Y.-H., & Ivy, J. L. (2012). Effect of an amino acid beverage on exercise recovery and subsequent anaerobic exercise performance. Presentation 1831 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  10. WHEY PROTEIN MORE EFFECTIVE THAN SOY PROTEIN IN PROMOTING LEAN BODY MASS GAINS IN RESISTANCE TRAINING

    Volk, B. M., Quann, E. E., Ballard, K. D., Kupchak, B. R., Gomez, A. L., & Kraemer, W. J. (2012). Whey protein supplementation results in greater gains in lean body mass compared to soy protein during a progressive 9-month resistance training program. Presentation 1853 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  11. GLYCEMIC INDEX OF PRE-EXERCISE ENERGY BARS DOES NOT AFFECT SUBSTRATE UTILIZATION IN MODERATE-INTENSITY EXERCISE

    Huang, W. Y., Wong, S. H., Sun, F. H., & Tsang, K. F. (2012). Effect of glycemic index of snack bars on substrate utilization during subsequent moderate intensity exercise. Presentation 2338 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  12. NUTRITIONAL INTAKE ALTERS TEST RESPONSES

    Cole, M., Coleman, D. A., & Wiles, J. D. (2012). The influence of nutritional interventions on the measurement of gross efficiency during cycling. Presentation 2364 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  13. PRE-EXERCISE SUPPLEMENTATION WITH AN ENERGY DRINK ENHANCES ENDURANCE PERFORMANCE

    Lassiter, D. B., Kamer, L., Ding, Z., Burns, J., Kim, H., Lee, J., & Ivy, J. L. (2012). Even if plasma caffeine is initially elevated, energy drink consumption improves cycling performance. Presentation 2786 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  14. CHOCOLATE MILK SUPPLEMENTATION AIDS IN AEROBIC ADAPTATION

    Ferguson-Stegall, L., McCleave, E. L., Ding, Z., Doerner, P. G., Liu, Y., Wang, B., Dessard, B. M., Kleinart, M., Healy, M., Lassiter, D. G., & Ivy, J. L. (2011). Aerobic exercise training adaptations are increased by post-exercise carbohydrate-protein supplementation. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(5). Supplement abstract 2214.

  15. NO DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FAT-FREE AND FATTY CHOCOLATE MILK IN FEMALES' PERFORMANCE

    Campbell, B., Myers, B., Forsyth, A., Parker, B., Gomez, B., Elkins, A., Marcello, B., Wilborn, C., La Bounty, P., & Kreider, R. (2011). The effects of fat-free vs. fat-containing chocolate milk ingestion on performance characteristics in collegiate softball players. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(5). Supplement abstract 2218.

  16. CHOCOLATE MILK IS A GOOD POST-PERFORMANCE BEVERAGE

    Lunn, W. R., Pasiakos, S. M., Colletto, M. R., Karfonta, K. E., Carbone, J. W., Anderson, J. M., & Rodriguez, N. R. (2012). Chocolate milk and endurance exercise recovery: protein balance, glycogen, and performance. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 44, 682-691.

  17. FAT-FREE CHOCOLATE MILK CAN AID IN RECOVERY FROM MUSCLE DAMAGE

    Formal, J. R., Jackson, C. G., Anderson, T. R., & Greer, F. A. (2012). Effects of chocolate milk and a whey protein drink on muscle damage and performance. Presentation 1854 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  18. MILK PRODUCTS ARE GOOD FOR POST-EXERCISE RECOVERY WHEN PREPARING FOR A SUBSEQUENT EVENT

    Upshaw, A. N., Lam, T., Bandegan, A., & Lemon, P.W. (2012). Time-trial performance 4 h following glycogen-depleting exercise is enhanced similarly with recovery non-dairy chocolate beverages vs. chocolate milk. Presentation 2344 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  19. CHOCOLATE MILK AND CARBOHYDRATE RECOVERY SUPPLEMENTATION HAVE SIMILAR EFFECTS ON WOMEN'S CYCLING EFFORTS

    Flores, H. A., Schmitt, R., Shull, R., & Astorino, T. A. (2012). Efficacy of chocolate lactaid milk as a recovery supplement on cycling and strength performance in young, active women. Presentation 2362 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

    CARBOHYDRATES

  20. SUPPLEMENTAL CARBOHYDRATE OXIDATION OCCURS SIMILARLY IN RUNNING AND CYCLING

    Pfeiffer, B., Stellingwerff, T., Zaltas, E., & Jeukendrup, A. (2010). Carbohydrate oxidation from a drink during running compared to cycling exercise. Presentation 859 at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; June 2-5.

  21. ADEQUATE CARBOHYDRATE IS ALL THAT IS NEEDED FOR RECOVERY

    Beelen, M., Van Kranenburg, J., Senden, J. M., Kuipers, H., & Van Loon, L. J. (2012). Impact of caffeine and protein on post-exercise muscle glycogen synthesis. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 44, 692-700.

  22. CHO SUPPLEMENTATION VARIES WITH AMBIENT TEMPERATURE

    Watson, P., Shirreffs, S. M., & Maughan, R. J. (2012). Effect of dilute CHO beverages on performance in cool and warm environments. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 44, 336-343.

  23. MEN BURN CARBOHYDRATE AND FAT AT HIGHER RATES THAN WOMEN

    Hill, J., Gonzalez-Haro, C., & San Milan, I. (2011). Gender differences in maximal fat and carbohydrate oxidation rates. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(5). Supplement abstract 2258.

  24. CHO INGESTION WORKS BEST IN CHO COMPROMISED CONDITIONS BUT DOES NOT PROVIDE A PERFORMANCE ADVANTAGE

    Ali, A., Moss, C., Yoo, J. Y., & Breier, B. (2012). Effect of carbohydrate mouth rinse and/or ingestion on high-intensity exercise performance. Presentation 2352 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  25. CARBOHYDRATE SUPPLEMENTATION IMPROVES RUNNING PERFORMANCE

    Too, B. W., Cicai, S., Hockett, K. R., Applegate, E., Davis, B. A., & Casazza, G. A. (2012). Effect of a natural versus commercial product on running performance and gastrointestinal tolerance. Presentation 2361 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  26. SIGNIFICANT CARBOHYDRATE IS IMPORTANT IN CARBOHYDRATE-PROTEIN RECOVERY DRINKS

    Goh, Q., Boop, C. A., Luden, N. D., Todd, M. K., & Saunders, M. J. (2011). Effects of altered carbohydrate and protein intake during recovery from high-intensity endurance exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(5). Supplement abstract 2215.

  27. CARBOHYDRATE AND CARBOHYDRATE AND PROTEIN SUPPLEMENTATIONS IMPROVE RESISTANCE EXERCISE PERFORMANCE

    Welikonich, M. J., Nagle, E. F., Goss, F. L., Robertson, R. J., & Crawford, K. (2011). Effect of carbohydrate-protein supplementation on resistance exercise performance, perceived exertion, and salivary cortisol. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(5). Supplement abstract 2216.

  28. CARBOHYDRATE/PROTEIN SUPPLEMENTATION HAS NO EFFECT ON RUNNING PERFORMANCE

    Colette, A., & Raynor, H. (2011). Does carbohydrate-protein supplementation enhance endurance performance in male recreational runners? Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(5). Supplement abstract 2223.

  29. PROTEIN + CARBOHYDRATE IN RECOVERY DOES NOT ENHANCE SUBSEQUENT ENDURANCE PERFORMANCE WHEN COMPARED TO CARBOHYDRATE ALONE

    Mattern, C. O., Campbell, B., Carson, T., Charland, J., Craven, S., Filip, N., Watt, C., Yaple, R., & Heidi, B. K. (2012). The addition of protein to a carbohydrate supplement enhances fluid retention but not running performance. Presentation 2356 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  30. ORAL CARBOHYDRATE STIMULATION ENHANCES PERFORMANCE

    Grant, N., Turner, C. E., Stinear, C. M., & Byblow, W. D. (2012). Immediate energy signaling during physical activity. Presentation 2332 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  31. CARBOHYDRATE MOUTH RINSING IMPROVES EXTENDED PERFORMANCE WHEN INGESTION DOES NOT

    Mauger, A. R., McGonagle, H., Taylor, L., & Castle, P. C. (2012). CHO mouth-rinse improves 16 km time-trial cycling performance in a glycogen depleted state. Presentation 2351 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

    CAFFEINE

  32. CAFFEINE PLUS WATER OR CAFFEINE PLUS CARBOHYDRATE IMPROVE ENDURANCE PERFORMANCE

    Conger, S. A., Warren, G. L., & Millard-Stafford, M. L. (2010). Addition of caffeine to carbohydrate: improved ergogenic effect for endurance exercise? Presentation 926 at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; June 2-5.

  33. CARBOHYDRATE AND CAFFEINE SHOULD BE COMBINED TO IMPROVE ENDURANCE PERFORMANCE

    Luden, N. D., Acker, T. L., Shafer, B. M., Saunders, M. J., Womack, C. J., & Goh, Q. (2011). Carbohydrate and caffeine improve high-intensity aerobic cycling performance only when combined. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(5). Supplement abstract 2370.

  34. CAFFEINE + CARBOHYDRATE IMPROVES REPEATED SPRINT EXERCISE IN FEMALES

    Lee, C-L., Cheng, C-F., Astorino, T. A., Lee, C-J., Huang, H-W., & Kuo, Y-H.(2012). Effects of carbohydrate-caffeine supplementation on repeated high-intensity performance in elite female athletes. Presentation 2787 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

    OTHER SUBSTANCES

  35. SODIUM BICARBONATE PLUS B-ALANINE IMPROVES HIGH-INTENSITY WORK

    Sale, C., Saunders, B., Hudson, S., Sunderland, C. D., Wise, J. A., & Harris, R. C. (2010). Effect of ?-alanine supplementation, with and without sodium bicarbonate, on high-intensity cycling capacity. Presentation 930 at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; June 2-5.

  36. SODIUM BICARBONATE INGESTION IMPROVES BLOOD BUFFERING IN SWIMMERS

    Siegler, J. C., & Gleadall-Siddall, D. (2010). Sodium bicarbonate ingestion and repeated swim sprint performance. Journal of Strength and conditioning Research, 24, 3105-3111.

  37. CHICKEN ESSENCE-GINSENG EXTENDS RUNNING PERFORMANCE

    Chen, T.-T., Tsao, L.-Y., Hsu, S., Hsu, M.-C. (2011). Effects of chicken essence with ginseng extracts supplementation on physiological fatigue and metabolic response after exhaustive exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(5). Supplement abstract 1789.

  38. RED-GINSENG EXTRACT SUPPLEMENTATION IMPROVES POST-EXERCISE RESPONSES

    Jung, H. L., Kang, H. Y., Chang, Y., & Kim, T. U. (2011). Effects of Panax ginseng supplementation on muscle damage and inflammation after treadmill running in humans. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(5). Supplement abstract 1790.

  39. NITRATE SUPPLEMENTATION DOES NOT ENHANCE PERFORMANCE IN TRAINED CYCLISTS

    Wilkerson, D. P., Hayward, G. M., Bailey, S. J., Vanhatalo, A., Blackwell, J. R., & Jones, A. M. (2012). Influence of acute dietary nitrate supplementation on 50 mile time-trial performance in well-trained cyclists. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 112. On line publication, April 23, 2012.

  40. NITRATE SUPPLEMENTATION NOT RELATED TO MUSCLE OXIDATIVE FUNCTION

    Bailey, S. J., Vanhatalo, A., Winyard, P. G., & Jones, A. M. (2012). Mechanistic bases for effects of nitrate supplementation on metabolism. Presentation 23 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  41. NITRATE SUPPLEMENTATION ASSISTS MUSCLE FUNCTION IN HYPOXIA

    Vanhatalo, A., Fulford, J., Bailey, S. J., Winyard, P. G., & Jones, A. M. (2010). Effects of nitrate supplementation in normoxia and hypoxia. Presentation 24 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  42. NITRATES (SPINACH JUICE) SUPPLEMENTATION ENHANCES ANAEROBIC PERFORMANCE AND ASSOCIATED VARIABLES

    Porcelli, S., Pugliese, L., Rejc, E., Pavei, G., Bonato, M., La Torre, A., Marzorati, M., & Marconi, C. (2012). Did Popeye© know something about nitrates? Presentation 1823 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  43. NITRATE SUPPLEMENTATION DOES NOT EXTEND ENDURANCE PERFORMANCE

    Wilkerson, D. P., Hayward, G., Stephen, B. J., Vanhatalo, A., Blackwell, J. R., & Jones, A. M. (2012). Acute dietary nitrate supplementation does not improve 50-mile time-trial performance in highly trained cyclists. Presentation 1824 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  44. NITRATE SUPPLEMENTATION BENEFITS ROWING ERGOMETER PERFORMANCE

    Braakhuis, A. J., Bond, J., & Morton, L. (2012). Dietary nitrate supplementation improves rowing performance in highly trained rowers. Presentation 1829 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  45. QUERCETIN IS NOT RELATED TO IMPROVEMENTS IN AEROBIC PERFORMANCE OR MEASURES

    Scholten, S. D., Madsen, B. J., Overweg, T. A., & Sergeev, I. N. (2012). Effects of Quercetin supplementation on performance and oxidative stress measures in endurance runners. Presentation 1026 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  46. CARNITANE BENEFITS HIGH-INTENSITY ENDURANCE PERFORMANCE IN INITIALLY UNTRAINED MALES

    Chan, K.-H., Hu, S.-Z., Lu, K.-H., & Shih, C. Y. (2012). Effects of three weeks of carnitine supplementation and high-intensity interval training on endurance performance. Presentation 1367 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  47. BETA-ALANINE AND SODIUM BICARBONATE TOGETHER IMPROVE INTERMITTENT ANAEROBIC PERFORMANCE

    Tobias, G. C., Artioli, G. G., Benatti, F. B., & Lancha, A. H. (2012). Effects of beta-alanine supplementation combined or not with sodium bicarbonate on anaerobic performance. Presentation 1837 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  48. BETA-ALANINE ONLY AFFECTS EXERCISE CAPACITY AND NOT PERFORMANCE

    Hobson, R. M., Saunders, B., Ball, G., Harris, R., & Sale, C. (2012). Effects of ß-alanine supplementation on exercise performance: A meta-analysis. Presentation 1838 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  49. L-ALANYL-L-GLUTAMINE SUPPLEMENTATION ASSISTS BASKETBALL PERFORMANCE IN FEMALES

    Hoffman, J. R., Williams, D. R., Emerson, N. S., Hoffman, M. W., Wells, A. J., McVeigh, D. M., McCormack, W. P., Mangine, G. T., Gonzalez, A. M., & Fragala, M. S. (2012). L-Alanyl-L-Glutamine ingestion maintains performance during a competitive basketball game. Presentation 1841 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  50. AN L-ARGININE/L-CITRULLINE SUPPLEMENT DOES NOT ENHANCE PERFORMANCE

    Ehlers, G., Boehm, S., Brown, J., Gadeken, R., Keller, S., Mueller, M., Schmerber, S., Uffenbeck, D., & Nelson, R. (2012). Effect of an L-Arginine/L-Citrulline supplement on muscle oxygen saturation and maximal exercise performance. Presentation 1843 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

  51. VITAMIN D SUPPLEMENTATION NOT ASSOCIATED WITH SWIMMING PERFORMANCE

    Constantini, N. W., Livne, N., Moran, D., Raz, R., & Dubnov-Raz, G. (2012). Vitamin D supplementation and physical performance in adolescent swimmers. Presentation 2863 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.

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