Volume 5(1): September, 1999
STRENGTH TRAINING 2
This first issue of Volume 5 of Coaching Science Abstracts reviews articles concerned with strength training. It is the second issue concerned with this topic. These abstracts should be combined with those contained in Volume 2(1) for a more complete understanding of recent research and applications in this topic. This issue is divided into the subsections of specificity, general, strength, and testing.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
STRENGTH TRAINING IS QUITE SPECIFIC Anderson, T., & Kearney, J. T. (1982). Effects of three resistance training programs on muscular strength and absolute and relative endurance. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 53, 1-7.
DCER (ISOTONIC) TRAINING IMPROVES STRENGTH AND ITS RETENTION IN TRAINED AND UNTRAINED LIMBS Housh, T. J., Housh, D. J., Weir, J. P., & Weir, L. L. (1995). Effects of eccentric only resistance training and detraining. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 17, 145-148.
LEG-STRENGTH TRAINING DOES NOT IMPROVE ENDURANCE CYCLING Bishop, D., Jenkins, D. J., Mackinnon, L. T., Carey, M. F., & McEniery, M. (1997). The influence of resistance training on endurance performance in female endurance cyclists. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 29(5), Supplement abstract 1502.
HEAVY-RESISTANCE TRAINING DOES NOT IMPROVE SEATED SHOT PUT POWER Mayhew, J. L., Ware, J. S., Johns, R. A., & Bemben, M. G. (1997). Changes in upper body power following heavy-resistance strength training in college men. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 18, 516-520.
STRENGTH AND POWER TRAINING IN YOUNG MALE BASEBALL PLAYERS DOES NOT IMPROVE FUNCTIONAL PERFORMANCE Hetzler, R. K., DeRenne, C., Buxton, B. P., Ho, K. W., Chai, D. X., & Seichi, G. (1997). Effects of 12 weeks of strength training on anaerobic power in prepubescent male athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 11, 174-181.
SPEED OF WEIGHT TRAINING EXERCISES IMPROVES PERFORMANCES AT SIMILAR SPEEDS Liow, D. K., & Hopkins, W. G. (1998). Velocity specificity of heavy weight training for kayak sprint performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30(5), Supplement abstract 621.
SPRINT SWIMMING CAPACITIES IN AGING MASTERS SWIMMERS Hartley, A. A., & Hartley, J. T. (1986). Age differences and changes in sprint swimming performances of masters athletes. Experimental Aging Research, 12(2), 65-70.
STRENGTH SHOES, FLEXIBILITY, AND STRENGTH Cook, S. D., Schultz, G., Omey, M. L., Wolf, M. W., & Brunet, M. F. (1993). Development of lower leg strength and flexibility with the strength shoe. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 21, 445-448.
STRENGTH TRAINING IMPROVES SWIMMING PERFORMANCE Hsu, T. G., Hsu, K. M., & Hsieh, S. S. (1997). The effects of shoulder isokinetic strength training on speed and propulsive forces in front crawl swimming. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 29(5), Supplement abstract 713.
STRENGTH TRAINING IN CHILDREN AFFECTS ACTIVATION NOT STRUCTURE Ozmun, J. C., Mikesky, A. E., & Surburg, P. R. (1994). Neuromuscular adaptations following prepubescent strength training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 26, 510-514.
ONE SET IS AS GOOD AS THREE SETS OF RESISTANCE EXERCISES Starkey, D. B., Pollock, M. L., Ishida, Y., Welsch, M. A., Brechue, W. F., Grames, J. E., & Feignbaum, M. S. (1996). Effect of resistance training volume on strength and muscle thickness. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 28, 1311-1320.
ONE SET IS AS GOOD AS THREE FOR STRENGTH GAIN Hass, C. J., Garzaarella, L., De Hoyos, D. V., & Pollock, M. L. (1998). Effects of training volume on strength and endurance in experienced resistance trained adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30(5), Supplement abstract 651.
LONG TERM RESULTS ARE SIMILAR FOR ONE AND THREE SET STRENGTH TRAINING REGIMES Pollock, M. L., Abe, T., De Hoyos, D. V., Garzarella, L., & Hass, C. J. (1998). Muscular hypertrophy responses to 6 months of high- or low-volume resistance training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30(5), Supplement abstract 661.
CHILDREN IMPROVE IN STRENGTH ACTIVITIES Payne, V. G., Morrow, J. R., Johnson, L., & Dalton, S. N. (1997). Resistance training in children and youth: A meta-analysis. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 68, 80-88.
FREE WEIGHTS BETTER THAN NAUTILUS FOR ATHLETIC MOVEMENTS Stone, M. H., Johnson, R. L., & Carter, D. R. (1979). A short-term comparison of two different methods of resistance training on leg strength and power. Athletic Training, 14, 158-160.
STRENGTH IMPROVES WITH A TAPER (REST) Gibala, M. J., MacDougall, J. D., & Sale, D. G. (1994). The effects of tapering on strength performance in trained athletes. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 15, 492-497.
MEN HAVE HIGHER PAIN THRESHOLDS BUT BOTH GENDERS GET 'TOUGHER' AS A WEIGHT TRAINING SESSION PROGRESSES Arbogast, R. W., Koltyn, K. F., Goggin, N. L., & Jackson, A. W. (1997). Influence of gender and a weight training session on pain perception. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 29(5), Supplement abstract 1219.
HAND-HELD WEIGHTS NOT PARTICULARLY EFFECTIVE Morrow, S. K., Bishop, P.A., & Teare-Ketter, C. A. (1992). Energy costs of self-paced walking with hand-held weights. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 63, 435-437.
WOMEN AND MEN RESPOND TO STRENGTH TRAINING SIMILARLY O'Hagan, F. T., Sale, D. G., MacDougall, J. D., & Garner, S. H. (1995). Response to resistance training in young women and men. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 16, 314-321.
ONCE STRENGTH TRAINING DAMAGES A MUSCLE IT NO LONGER IS AFFECTED BY FURTHER TRAINING Nosaka, K., & Clarkson, P. M. (1995). Muscle damage following repeated bouts of high force eccentric exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 27, 1263-1269.
HEAVY STRENGTH TRAINING HARDER FOR MEN THAN WOMEN Hakkinen, K. (1992). Neuromuscular responses in male and female athletes to two successive strength training sessions in one day. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 32, 234-242.
FAST STRENGTH ACTIVITIES BETTER THAN SLOW Morrissey, M. C., Harman, E. A., Frykman, P. N., & Han, K. H. (1998). Early phase differential effects of slow and fast barbell squat training. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 26, 221-230.
FASTEST RECOVERY AFTER RESISTANCE TRAINING OCCURS WITH A VERY LIGHT LOAD AEROBIC EXERCISE Corder, K., Potteiger, J., Nau, K., Figoni, S., & Hershberger, S. (1998). Effects of active and passive recovery on lactate, RPE, and performance during resistance training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30(5), Supplement abstract 194.
TYPE OF STRENGTH TRAINING CAUSES DIFFERENT EFFECTS Choi, J. Y., Takahashi, H., Itai, Y., & Takamatsu, K. (1997). Comparison of training effects between power-up type and bulk-up type in strength training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 29(5), Supplement abstract 54.
STRETCHING ROUTINES SHOULD CEASE ONE HOUR BEFORE AN EVENT Fowles, J. R., & Sale, D. G. (1997). Time course of strength deficit after maximal passive stretch in humans. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 29(5), Supplement abstract 155.
YOU HAVE TO GET TIRED TO GET STRONGER Rooney, K. J., Herbert, R. D., & Balnave, R. J. (1994). Fatigue contributes to the strength of training stimulus. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 26, 1160-1164.
SPRINTERS' STRENGTH TRAINING HAS TO BE MAXIMALLY EXPLOSIVE Young, W., McLean, B., & Ardanga, J. (1995). Relationship between strength qualities and sprinting performance. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 35, 13-19.
LIGHT WEIGHT TRAINING IMPROVES TENNIS PLAYERS' SERVE Treiber, F. A., Lott, J., Duncan, J., Slavens, G., & Davis, H. (1998). Effects of Theraband and lightweight dumbbell training on shoulder rotation torque and serve performance in college tennis players. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 26, 510-515.
TECHNIQUE EMPHASIS HELPS POWER AND PERFORMANCE Hewett, T. E., Stroupe, A. L., Nance, T. A., & Noyes, F. R. (1996). Plyometric training in female athletes. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 24, 765-772.
ONE-LEG PLYOMETRIC TRAINING IS BETTER THAN TWO-LEG TRAINING FOR A VERTICAL JUMP Delcore, G., Mathieu, W., Salazar, W., & Hernandez, J. (1998). Comparison between one-leg and two-leg plyometric training on vertical jump performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30(5), Supplement abstract 615.
STRENGTH TRAINING REDUCES STRENGTH PERFORMANCES RAPIDLY Chen, T. C. (1998). The effects of repeated maximal isokinetic eccentric exercise on total work and isometric force. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30(5), Supplement abstract 622.
STRENGTH TRAINING AND TESTS MUST EMPLOY THE SAME FORM OF CONTRACTION Ribeiro, B. V., Castro, A. S., Carvalho, B., & Weltman, A. (1998). Study of the specificity between the training and the evaluation method of the muscle strength. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30(5), Supplement abstract 658.
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