HEAVY RESISTANCE AND HIGH INTENSITY INTERVAL TRAINING DO NOT IMPROVE AEROBIC PERFORMANCE
Swensen, T., Obidinski, M., & Wigglesworth, J. K. (2000). Effects of resistance training or high intensity ergometer interval training on rowing performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 32(5), Supplement abstract 536.
This study compared the effects of resistance training and short-duration interval training on rowing ergometer performance of collegiate women rowers (N = 24) during the transition phase of training. That phase typically consists of low intensity and volume endurance exercise combined with strength training. Ss were subjected to heavy resistance training or high intensity ergometer interval training two days per week.
Across time, both groups improved 500-m time, 1 RM bench press, and body mass. There was no change in 2000-m time, blood lactate, VO2max, Profile of Mood States, 1 RM squat, or injury frequency.
The added training changed few variables, the primary performance factor being sprint or anaerobic work. Aerobic performance factors were not changed so the added work did not interfere with the maintenance of that capacity.
Implication. Sprint work or heavy resistance training improves short-duration performances but does not affect longer-duration performances in the transition phase of training.
Return to Table of Contents for this issue.