Hall, E. E., Ekkekakis, P., & Petruzzelia, S. J. (1999). Affective changes to a graded maximal exercise test. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31(5), Supplement abstract 1151.

This study examined the affective responses to a graded maximal treadmill test of college-age adults (M = 17; F = 13). Affect was assessed before and at 0, 10, and 20 minutes following exercise. Spielberger's STAI was used to measure state-anxiety and Thayer's ADACL, which measures Energetic Arousal (energy, tiredness) and Tense Arousal (tension, calmness), assessed other affective factors.

Maximal aerobic exercise resulted in increases in energy and calmness and decreases in tension, tiredness, and state anxiety.

Implication. Maximal aerobic exercise produces improved mental states.

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