Mazzeo, R. S., Brooks, G. A., Schoeller, D. A., & Budinger, T. F. (1986). Disposal of blood [1-13C] lactate in humans during rest and exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 60, 232-241.

It was found that in humans:

  1. Lactate disposal (turnover or flux) rate is directly related to metabolic rate.
  2. Oxidation is the major fate of lactate removal during exercise.
  3. Blood lactate concentration is not an accurate indicator of lactate disposal and oxidation.

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