Renfrow, M. S., Caputo, J. L., & Farley, R. S. (2007). The effects of active versus passive recovery on blood lactate and exercise performance in resistance training. ACSM Annual Meeting New Orleans, Presentation Number 1819.

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The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of active and passive recovery on blood lactate and exercise performance during resistance exercise. Ss (M = 33; F = 27) were placed into a passive recovery group or active recovery group. One-repetition maximum (1 RM) on the bench press was determined for each participant and 70% of 1 RM was calculated. Ss performed two sets of bench presses until failure at 70% of 1 RM with two-minutes of recovery between sets.

Blood lactate levels decreased significantly during passive recovery as compared to active recovery condition. There was less performance drop-off between sets with passive recovery compared to active.

Implication. Passive recovery was superior to active recovery during resistance exercise. It sustained performance better and produced lower post-recovery blood lactates.

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