Sohi, A. S. (1976). Effect of reinforcement as motivational technique on level of aspiration and motor performance. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 7, 113-119.

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The effects of type of reinforcement in a tennis instruction environment were evaluated. One group received positive instructor responses for desirable responses and the other received negative instructor responses for undesirable responses. This was akin to comparing and emphasis on what players were doing well versus an emphasis on what they were doing poorly.

The level of aspiration and skill increased in all Ss in the positive response group. The skill level of the negative group was lowered.

Implication. Emphasizing what individuals do well as opposed to what they do poorly, results in skill improvement and higher aspirations in participants.

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