Volume 6(2): October, 2000
IMAGERY IN SPORTS 2
This second issue of Volume 6 of Coaching Science Abstracts reviews articles concerned with mental imagery and covert behavior in sports. It is preceded by a previous issue titled Imagery in Sports, which can be accessed by clicking this link.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
IMAGERY CONCEPTS AND RESEARCH
A COACH'S INSTRUCTIONS WILL AFFECT IMAGERY EFFECTIVENESS Bakker, F. C., Boschker, M. S., & Chung, T. (1996). Changes in muscular activity while imagining weight lifting using stimulus or response propositions. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 18, 313-324.
NOT ALL IMAGERY TRAINING IMPLEMENTATIONS ARE SUCCESSFUL Shambrook, C. J., & Bull, S. J. (1996). The use of single-case research design to investigate the efficacy of imagery training. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 8, 27-43.
FLOTATION TANK ENVIRONMENT ASSISTS IMAGERY EFFECTS Lee, A. B., & Hewitt, J. (1987). Using visual imagery in a flotation tank to improve gymnastic performance and reduce physical symptoms. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 18, 223-230.
A TOOL FOR MEASURING TYPES OF IMAGERY USED IN SPORTS Hall, C. R., Mack, D. E., Paivio, A., & Hausenblas, H. A. (in press). Imagery use by athletes: Development of the Sport Imagery Questionnaire. .
TYPE OF IMAGERY USED BY ATHLETES AT CHAMPIONSHIPS Vadocz, E. A., Hall, C. R., & Moritz, S. E. (1997). The relationship between competitive anxiety and imagery use. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 9, 241-253.
DO NOT RESTRICT ATHLETES TO ONLY VISUAL IMAGERY Hardy, L. (1997). The Coleman Roberts Griffith Address: Three myths about applied consultancy work. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 9, 277-294.
EXTERNAL VISUAL IMAGERY IS BEST FOR FORM DOMINATED ACTIVITIES Hardy, L., & Callow, N. (1999). Efficacy of external and internal visual imagery perspectives for the enhancement of performance on tasks in which form is important. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 21, 95-112.
TYPE AND CONTENT OF IMAGERY CHANGES OVER A COMPETITIVE SEASON Munroe, K., Hall, C., Simms, S., & Weinberg, R. (1998). The influence of type of sport and time of season on athletes' use of imagery. The Sport Psychologist, 12, 440-449.
FLOATATION TANKS ENHANCE VISUALIZATION EFFECTS Wagaman, J. D., Barabasz, A. F., & Barabasz, M. (1991). Flotation rest and imagery in the improvement of basketball performance. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 72, 119-122.
ONE TIME WHEN RELAXATION AFFECTS PERFORMANCE BETTER THAN IMAGERY Lamirand, M., & Rainey, D. (1994). Mental imagery, relaxation, and accuracy of basketball foul shooting. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 78, 1229-1230.
SERIOUS AEROBIC EXERCISERS DELIBERATELY USE IMAGERY Hausenblas, H. A., Hall, C. R., Rodgers, W. M., & Munroe, K. J. (1999). Exercise imagery: Its nature and measurement. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 11, 171-180.
IMAGERY NOT USEFUL IN EARLY STAGES OF SKILL LEARNING McKenzie, A. D., & Howe, B. L. (1997). The effect of imagery on self-efficacy for a motor skill. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 28, 196-210.
APPLIED RESEARCH USING IMAGERY
RELAXATION AND IMAGERY ENHANCE PERFORMANCE IN KARATE-SKILL LEARNERS Weinberg, R., Seabourne, T., & Jackson, A. (1987). Arousal and relaxation instructions prior to the use of imagery: Effects on image controllability, vividness and performance. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 18, 205-214.
IMAGERY AND SELF-TALK TRAINING IMPROVES GOLF PERFORMANCE AND CHARACTER Thomas, P. R., & Fogarty, G. J. (1997). Psychological skills training in golf: The role of individual differences in cognitive preferences. Sport Psychologist, 11, 86-106.
IMAGERY NOT HELPFUL FOR FREE-THROW SHOOTING Lerner, B, S., Ostrow, A. C., Yura, M. T., & Etzel, E. F. (1996). The effects of goal-setting and imagery training programs on the free-throw performance of female collegiate basketball players. Sport Psychologist, 10, 382-397.
ONE IMAGERY PACKAGE IS BETTER THAN ANOTHER FOR BASKETBALL FOUL SHOOTING Hall, E. G., & Erffmmeyer, E. S. (1983). The effect of visuo-motor behavior rehearsal with videotaped modeling on free throw accuracy of intercollegiate female basketball players. Journal of Sport Psychology, 5, 343-346.
EXTERNAL FOCUS BEST FOR LEARNING FORM SKILLS Wulf, G., Lauterbach, B., & Toole, T. (1999). The learning advantages of an external focus of attention in golf. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 70, 120-126.
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