Volume 21(4): February, 2016
MENTAL FACTORS IN SPORTS 6
This fourth issue of Volume 21 of Coaching Science Abstracts reviews articles concerned with mental factors in sports. Previously, the topics included were offered as specific issues. Those issues were:
- Learning in Sports [Nature of skill learning, Content of instruction, Instructional styles, Forward shaping, Backward shaping, Teaching general behavior control]
- Psychological Activity in Sport [Cognitive activity, Arousal, Anxiety, Stress, Measuring psychological activity]
- Psychological Dynamics of Performance [Team building, Strategies, Psyching-up, Psychological skills training, Competition thinking]
Combined issues titled Mental Factors in Sports, Mental Factors in Sports 2, Mental Factors in Sports 3, Mental Factors in Sports 4, and Mental Factors in Sports 5 updated the above specific topics further. The contents of this issue should be married with the previous Coaching Science Abstracts' issues to extend understanding of the factors.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
POSITIVE THINKING AND SELF-TALK
NEGATIVE THOUGHTS AND PERCEPTIONS CAN UNDO THE BENEFITS OF PHYSICAL TRAINING Pollo, A., Carlino, E., Vase, L., & Benedetti, F. (2012). Preventing motor training through nocebo suggestions. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 112, Online publication, March 12, 2012.
HIGH SELF-EFFICACY PRODUCES IMPROVED POSITIVE INTERPRETATIONS OF AN ANAEROBIC EXPERIENCE Sherman, T., & Hutchinson, J. (2012). Self-efficacy effect on anaerobic performance and perceived exertion during a Wingate bike test. Presentation 1883 at the 59th Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, San Francisco, California; May 29-June 2, 2012.
MAXIMUM EFFORTS MAY NOT BE MAXIMAL Stone, M. R., Thomas, K., Wilkinson, M., Jones, A. M., Gibson, A. St. C., & Thompson, K. G. (2012). Effects of deception on exercise performance: implications for determinants of fatigue in humans. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 44, 534-541.
HIGH-INTENSITY EXERCISE ENHANCES COGNITION Perez, W., Kelleran, K., Grieco, C., Thompson, A., & Swain, D. (2013). The effect of cycling exercise intensity on cognitive function utilizing a modified Stroop Test. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 45(5), Supplement abstract number 2372.
YOUNG CHILDREN LEARN BETTER WHEN PHYSICALLY FIT Raine, L., Lee, H.-K., Saliba, B., Drollette, E., Chaddock, L., Hillman, C., & Kramer, A. (2013). The influence of childhood aerobic fitness on learning and memory. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 45(5), Supplement abstract number 2381.
CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS RELATED TO IMPROVED MEMORY FACTORS Pontifex, M. B., Parks, A. C., O'Neil, P. C., Egner, A. R., Warning, J. T., Fenn, K. M., & Pfeiffer, K. A. (2013). Poorer aerobic fitness predicts reduced integrity of cognition across multiple memory systems. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 45(5), Supplement abstract number 2383.
UNLEARNING ERRORS IS A LONG-TERM TEDIOUS TASK Schmidt, R.A. (1988). Motor control and learning: A behavioral emphasis. (Second Edition). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics .
MENTAL SKILLS AND STRATEGIES
REACTION TIME IMPROVES WITH EXERCISE AND CAFFEINE ADMINISTRATION Ryan, E. J., Jankowski-Wilkinson, A., Bellar, D. M., Kim, C-H., Muller, M. D., Russell, M., Otterstetter, R., Glickman, E. L., & Mamimori, G. H. (June 2, 2010). The effects of caffeine administered in chewing gum on psychomotor performance following acute bouts of exhaustive cycling. Presentation 1477 at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; June 2-5..
ENERGY DRINKS INTERFERE WITH HIGHLY SKILLED TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES Woolsey, C. L., Edwards, W. W., Woolsey, R. C., Evans, M. W., Jacobson, B. H., Pringle, D. D. Cromartie, F., Stephen, W., & Sather, T. E. (2013). The effect of energy drink ingestion on flight skill performance relative to pilot experience. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 45(5), Supplement abstract number 1101.
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