Volume 17(2): October, 2011
FUEL AND ERGOGENIC AIDS 6.1 - CREATINE
This second issue of Volume 17 of Coaching Science Abstracts reviews articles concerned with creatine use. Previous articles on this topic are contained in Volume 2(3), volume 5(2), volume 8(2), volume 11(2), and volume 14(2). It should be noted that a number of the abstracted research findings are contradictory. It is opined that such disclosures are due to a lack of adequate experimental controls and/or a failure to fully understand the variables associated with the topic that need controlling.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
REVIEW OF CREATINE EFFECTS Bemben, M. G., & Lamont, H. S. (2005). Creatine supplementation and exercise performance: recent findings. Sports Medicine, 35, 107-125.
CREATINE SUPPLEMENTATION INCREASES REPEATED BOUT RESISTANCE EXERCISE PERFORMANCE Stec, M. J., Miles, M. P., & Rawson, E. S. (June 03, 2010). Low-dose creatine supplementation enhances fatigue resistance in the absence of weight gain. Presentation 1918 at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; June 2-5.
CREATINE DOES NOT CHANGE FOOTBALL SPRINT PERFORMANCE Wright, G. A., DeLong, M., Sweeney, K., White, J., & Mikat, R. P. (2009). Creatine supplementation: Effects on leg power during repeat sprint running in collegiate football players. ACSM 56th Annual Meeting, Seattle, Washington. Presentation number 1911.
CREATINE BENEFITS SUPRAMAXIMAL SPRINTS BUT NOT ENDURANCE PERFORMANCE van Loon, L. J., Oosterlaar, A. M., Hartgens, F., Hesselink, M. K., Snow, R. J., Wagenmakers, A. J. (2003). Effects of creatine loading and prolonged creatine supplementation on body composition, fuel selection, sprint and endurance performance in humans. Clinical Science, 104, 153-162.
CREATINE SUPPLEMENTATION IMPROVES SWIMMERS' LEG WORK Juhász, I., Györe, I., Csende, Z., Rácz, L., & Tihanyi, J. (2009). Creatine supplementation improves the anaerobic performance of elite junior fin swimmers. ACTA Physiologica Hungarica, 96, 325-336.
CREATINE SUPPLEMENTATION DOES NOT IMPROVE SPRINT SWIMMING Dawson, B., Vladich, T., & Blanksby, B. A. (2002). Effects of four weeks of creatine supplementation in junior swimmers on freestyle sprint and swim bench performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 16, 485-490.
CREATINE SUPPLEMENTATION IMPROVES SPRINT REPETITIONS IN SWIMMERS Grindstaff, P. D., Kreider, R., Bishop, R., Wilson, M., Wood, L., Alexander, C., & Almada, A. (1997). Effects of creatine supplementation on repetitive sprint performance and body composition in competitive swimmers. International Journal of Sports Nutrition, 7, 330-346.
CREATINE SUPPLEMENTATION IMPROVES SPRINT SWIMMING PERFORMANCES Selsby, J. T., Beckett, K. D., Kern, M., Devor, S. T. (2003). Swim performance following creatine supplementation in Division III athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 17, 421-424.
CREATINE SUPPLEMENTATION DOES NOT IMPROVE SPRINT PERFORMANCES IN HIGHLY-TRAINED SWIMMERS Mujika, I., Chatard, J. C., Lacoste, L., Barale, F., & Geyssant, A. (1996). Creatine supplementation does not improve sprint performance in competitive swimmers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 28, 1435-1441.
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