Carl, D. L., Bales, E., Haubrich, C., Kirschling, M., Milnes, C., Vernon, A., & Winquist, J. (2003). Effect of high intensity versus high volume swim training on selected measures of fatigue. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35(5), Supplement abstract 2065.

College swimmers (M = 3; F = 9) completed four swimming sessions over five days. A moderate practice swimming below aerobic threshold was completed on days 1 and 4. A high intensity and high volume practice were performed on the other two days. The middle day of the five days was a rest day.

The second trial produced less force production irrespective of which condition was experienced first. Reaction time was faster on the second trial.

Implication. Swimming training causes a reduction in the ability to generate force.

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