Theodorakis, Y. (1996). The influence of goals, commitment, self-efficacy and self-satisfaction on motor performance. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 8, 171-182.

The effects of goal-setting, commitment, self-efficacy, trait-efficacy, ability, and self-satisfaction on tennis performance were assessed.

Undergraduates (N = 48; aged 19-23 yrs) enrolled in physical education tennis classes performed four trials of a specific service task, and set personal goals before the third and fourth trials. The psychological variables of self-efficacy, self-satisfaction, and commitment, were assessed before each trial.

Results showed that ability, self-efficacy, goal-setting, and goal commitment were predictors of performance at the various stages of the experiment. Personal goal setting was affected by level of ability, as well as by perceived self-efficacy and satisfaction. Self-efficacy and goal commitment were direct as well as indirect determinants of performance.

Implication. Even with low-standard performers, self-efficacy, goal-setting, and commitment to achieving goals influenced performance. These factors should be part of the milieu and behaviors of practice and competitions.

Return to Table of Contents for this issue.