Thayer, R. E. (1978). Toward a psychological theory of multidimensional activation (arousal). Motivation and Emotion, 2, 1-34.
Arousal has two dimensions: (a) energy-sleep, and (b) tension-placidity.
Low arousal is commonly associated with uncritical attending to irrelevant cues.
Implication. Complacency and overconfidence predispose athletes to inferior performances because they are states which do not energize focused performance.
Return to Table of Contents for this issue.