PROPERTIES OF EFFECTIVE IMAGERY
Denis, M. (1985). Visual imagery and the use of mental practice in the development of motor skills. Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Science, 10, 4S-16S.
Three properties of imagery skill were defined.
- Vividness. Better imagers learn skills quicker. Teaching how to develop high levels of vividness would be an essential step in developing the skill.
- Controllability. The capacity to generate persistent images ensures a practice of a specific performance. If control was absent, resulting in variations, specific beneficial effects would not result.
- Exactness of reference. The exact replication of successful performances is required. Research has shown that practicing errors or wrong images produces a tendency to perform those errors.
Implication. Developing the skill of imagery requires an intense involvement in the process. That involvement needs to be vivid, controlled, and only of correct form.
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