Sleivert, G. G., Backus, R. D., & Wenger, H. A. (1995). The influence of sequenced strength-sprint training on multi-joint power acquisition. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 27(5), Supplement abstract 1013.

Several types of training: (a) single-joint strength, (b) multi-joint strength, and (c) sprint training, were evaluated for their effect on 5 sec power production on a cycle ergometer in untrained cyclists. Pre-training, after eight weeks of strength training, and after a further six weeks of cycle sprint training, served as evaluation phases.

The strength training groups improved their strength on the training activities (10 rep max test) by 41-44%. All groups increased cycle power output (4-7%). When sprint-training alone was performed by all groups, further increases in power and nerve conduction velocity occurred.

There was little difference in adaptation between single-joint and multi-joint strength training programs. Strength and sprint training were equally effective in increasing power output. Sequenced strength-sprint training provided no benefit over sprint training alone.

Implication. For sprint training in untrained cyclists, the addition of a strength training program to a sprint training program provided no advantage or benefit over a sole sprint training program.

When untrained individuals start a sport and undergo significant change training, the addition of extra strength training does not enhance performance improvements.

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