Girodo, M., & Roehl, J. (1980). Cognitive preparation and coping self-talk: Anxiety management during the stress of flying. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 46, 978-989.

Patients were found to become less-stressed if they used positive self-statements with stressful situations. The model used was:

Implication. Positive self-talk is a procedure that assists stress-coping. An obvious use would be to engage in it prior to the commencement of a competition as a means of handling the mounting stress of the impending contest. This article suggests an implementation model for developing this aspect of precompetition mental skills.

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