Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84, 191-215.

Self-efficacy is directly related to positive self-talk. Self-efficacy is the "strength of one's conviction that he or she can successfully execute a behavior required to produce a certain outcome."

Implication. An athlete's performance will be modified by his/her feelings of competence or expectation of personal effectiveness. It will determine the amount of effort a person is willing to put forth to complete a task.

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