Shucavage, J. S., Nguyen, M. M., Valerio, T. A., Armillei, R. J., Casey, C. M., Clarke, J. W., Winzek, M. W., Clovey, G. L., Paradis, C. A., & Szmedra, L. (2002). Effect of single versus multiple-set resistance training on muscular strength following short-term training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 34(5), Supplement abstract 1121.

Untrained Ss (M = 14; F = 33) trained for four weeks as a one set, three sets, or a zero set control group. A 1 RM of supine bench press was used to determine muscular strength before, at two weeks, and at four weeks of training. Training comprised seven repetitions of a supine bench-press with a load of 70-80% 1 RM for one or three sets three times per week.

No group changed to a statistically significant degree, although all improved.

Implication. The training regimen failed to produce significant strength gains in any group over four weeks.

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