FEAR OF FAILURE TOOL NEEDS TO BE CROSS-VALIDATED IN A SPORT-SPECIFIC ENVIRONMENT
Conroy, D. E., Willow, J. P., & Metzler, J. N. (2002). Multidimensional fear of failure measurement: the Performance Failure Appraisal Inventory. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 14, 76-90.
The Performance Failure Appraisal Inventory was established using general college students as a sample (M = 204; F = 234). Five aversive consequences of failure assessed by the 25-item inventory were:
A five-item short form was also validated.
Fear of failure was associated with high levels of worry, somatic anxiety, cognitive disruption, and sport anxiety, as well as low levels of optimism.
Implication. It is necessary to cross-validate this instrument on a group of sport-specific athletes to demonstrate the general factors are also relevant to the specific sport situation.
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