AGE OF LEARNING TO SWIM IS MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR
Mael, F. A. (1995). Staying afloat: Within-group swimming proficiency for whites and blacks. Journal of Applied Psychology, 80, 479-480.
Using cadets at the US Army West Point Military Academy as Ss, the best predictor of swimming skill was the age at which learning to swim occurred. Other, but lesser predictors were fitness, sociocultural factors, and learned or dispositional differences.
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