THE WINGATE TEST NEEDS TO BE MODIFIED TO GAIN MAXIMUM RESULTS
Sidner, A. B., & Borsa, P. A. (1998). Effects of high resistances on anaerobic power and capacity in elite power-trained females. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30(5), Supplement abstract 1559.
The effects of high resistances on peak power output and total mechanical work, as indicated in Wingate Anaerobic Tests at resistances of 7.5%, 8.5%, 10.5%, and 12.5% of body weight, were investigated in female basketball (N =10) and volleyball (N = 7) players.
Peak power output and total mechanical work improved as a result of increasing the test resistance. It was concluded that the use of at least 10.5% of body weight resistance was required for obvious improvements as opposed to the typical 7.5% resistance level. It was proposed that the Wingate Test needs to be modified by increasing the test resistance to determine fatigue curve profiles for various sport, age, gender, and ability groups. Additionally, power versus time data need to be evaluated to determine the duration of the test for optimal evaluation of anaerobic power and capacity characteristics.
Implication. Standard Wingate Test resistances might be too low to accurately reflect peak power output and total mechanical work in female athletes.
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