THE CONTENT OF PSYCHING
Shelton, T. O. (1978). The content and effect of "psyching up" strategies in weightlifters. Unpublished master's thesis, The Pennsylvania State University.
Under various experimental manipulations, the best lifting performances were obtained under a "psych yourselves" treatment as opposed to baseline and distraction (counting backwards by 7's from a four-digit number) conditions.
A post-experimental interview revealed the psyching strategies to be combinations of all or some self-efficacy statements, performance imagery, self-generated arousal, and attentional focus techniques.
Implication. The best preparations occurred when the athlete controlled content and implementation. No external interaction, such as a coach talk, was necessary to promote the best performances.
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