TAIS BASED ON AN INCOMPLETE MODEL
Etzel, E. F., Jr. (1979). Validation of a conceptual model characterizing attention among international rifle shooters. Journal of Sport Psychology, 1, 280-290.
TAIS may not be a good predictor of sport performance because it may be based on an incomplete theoretical model. Several components of attention are missing in Nideffer's conceptualization. In addition to the internal-external continuum and broad-narrow breadth of focus, the following need to be considered to derive a fuller perspective of attention in sport.
Implication. More factors other than those considered by the TAIS need to be understood and measured before attentional style/capacity can be deemed useful for sports.
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