Ashy, M. H., Landin, D. K., & Lee, A. M. (1988). Relationship of practice using correct technique to achievement in a motor skill. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 7, 115-120.

80 fourth-grade students learning soccer skills were assessed for achievement related to correct practice.

  1. The total number of practice trials was not related to achievement.
  2. The total number of correct trials was related to achievement.

Implication. Performing practice trials without attention to correct technique does not improve skill acquisition as well as correct performance. The best route for skill enhancement would be to increase the number of properly executed practice trials.

When learning, errors and incorrect trials should be minimized. Incorrect trials are a waste of time.

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