PERCEPTION OF EFFORT
Koltyn, K. F., O'Connor, P. J., & Morgan, W. P. (1991). Perception of effort in female and male competitive swimmers. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 12, 427-429.
Male (N = 31) and female (N = 31) collegiate swimmers were compared on their perceptual responses to submaximal swimming. Heart rates were also related to the perceptions. Each swimmer completed an electronically paced 200 yd swim using the preferred stroke at 90% of maximum velocity. Mean heart rates for the swim were compared to the perceived effort rating.
Implication. Females rate effort levels lower than males. They may be easier to overtrain than males because of this perceptual difference.
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