WHAT HAPPENS WHEN GROUP GOALS ARE ADDED TO INDIVIDUAL GOALS
Weingart, L. R., & Weldon, E. (1991). Processes that mediate the relationship between a group goal and group member performance. Human Performance, 4, 33-54.
What happens when group goals are added to individual goals was assessed by impacting a group goal on anonymous and noninteracting group members' performances on an additive group task. This is analogous to imposing a group aspiration onto a sporting team where each individual has a particular defined responsibility (e.g., a member of a swim team as opposed to a member of a rowing crew). Ss for the study were undergraduate students (N = 75).
Results. Four major findings emerged from the study.
Implication. Adding group goals to individual goals raises the level of aspiration of group members. However, behavior is only influenced by the performances and results that occur within the group, not statements of intent or appreciation. Thus, for group influences to be effective members must perform and demonstrate their intentions rather than talk about them.
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