EXTERNAL PRESSURES ON GOAL-SETTINGMossholder, K. W. (1980). Effects of externally mediated goal setting on intrinsic motivation: A laboratory experiment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 65, 202-210.
Under interesting task conditions, assigning specific difficult goals reduced subsequent task interest, persistence, and satisfaction with the task. Under boring task conditions, assigning specific difficult goals increased on-task interest.
The negative effects of goal-setting on intrinsic motivation seemed to be especially important for those individuals who failed to achieve the prescribed goal.
The assignment of goals may interfere with performance, stimulate it, and may alter the reasons for performing depending upon the nature of self-set goals that exist prior to the imposition of external goal-setting.
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